5 Fascinating Facts about Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent figure in the American civil rights movement, known for his leadership and advocacy for racial equality. While many aspects of his life are well-known, here are five lesser-known facts about Martin Luther King Jr.:

Born Michael King Jr., he and his father both changed their names to Martin Luther King in 1934, inspired by the German Protestant leader Martin Luther.

1. Name Change

After visiting India in 1959, King was deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandhi's philosophy of nonviolent resistance, shaping his commitment to peaceful protest.

2. Gandhi's Influence

King's commitment to civil rights led to 29 arrests, ranging from civil disobedience to minor traffic violations, highlighting his dedication to challenging unjust laws.

3. Arrest Record

Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 at 35, King became the youngest recipient at the time for his pivotal role in the American civil rights movement.

4. Nobel Peace Prize

King's final speech, "I've Been to the Mountaintop," delivered on April 3, 1968, in Memphis, reflected on his mortality and unwavering dedication to the civil rights cause before his tragic assassination the following day.

5. Last Speech