10 Fascinating Facts About the Hindi Language

Hindi Diwas is a celebration of the Hindi language's importance and legacy. In honor of this occasion, let's delve into 10 intriguing facts about Hindi, a language with a rich cultural heritage and widespread global influence.

Hindi Diwas, Sept 14th

Hindi is spoken by 4.46 percent of the world's population. It is the primary language of India and is also spoken by millions of people in countries like Nepal, Fiji, Trinidad and Tobago, and Mauritius.

1. Widely Spoken 

Hindi is written in the Devanagari script, which is a syllabic script. It has 11 vowels and 33 consonants.

2. Devanagari Script 

Hindi, along with English, is one of the official languages of the Indian government. However, it is the first language of more than 40% of the Indian population. 

3. Official Language 

Hindi has a significant influence from Sanskrit, one of the oldest languages in the world. Many Hindi words and phrases have their roots in Sanskrit.

4. Sanskrit Influence 

There are roughly 16 dialects of Hindi spoken across India. Some of the prominent ones include Braj, Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Bundeli and Haryanvi. These dialects often have distinct vocabulary and pronunciation. 

5. Diverse Dialects 

Hindi is the primary language of Bollywood, one of the world's largest film industries. Bollywood movies are famous for their colorful musical numbers and dramatic storytelling.

6. Bollywood 

Hindi has a flexible word order, which means that words can be rearranged in a sentence without changing its meaning. This feature allows for creative expression in poetry and prose.

7. Flexible Word Order 

Hindi has a rich literary tradition dating back centuries. Renowned poets like Kabir, Tulsidas, and Mirabai have contributed significantly to Hindi literature.

8. Hindi Literature 

Many non-native speakers learn Hindi as a second language due to its importance in business, politics, and culture in India.

9. Hindi as a Second Language 

According to the 2011 census, India has 528 million native Hindi speakers, accounting for roughly 43 percent of the overall population. 

10. Census 2011, India